440 International Those Were the Days
January 19

Events - January 19
1825 - Ezra Daggett and Thomas Kensett of New York City patented a canning process to preserve salmon, oysters and lobsters.

1907 - The first film reviews appeared in "Variety" magazine. The magazine had only been in print two years before it expanded its section covering new vaudeville acts in order to include reviews of films.

1915 - George Claude of Paris France, patented the neon tube advertising sign. His handiwork was regularly seen adorning the Eiffel Tower and many pizza parlors throughout America. Now you can buy a neon sign for your in-home office at the discount warehouse. Probably not in one of George Claude’s wildest dreams...

1937 - Howard Hughes set a transcontinental air record, flying from Los Angeles to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds.

1949 - The salary of the President of the United States was increased from $75,000 to $100,000 with an additional $50,000 expense allowance added for each year in office.

1952 - The National Football League bought the franchise of the New York Yanks. To make nice with the New York Giants for having another team in their territory, the NFL permitted the Giants to choose five players from the Yanks roster. One of the five was Tom Landry, who played for the Giants for six years. During that time, the NFL sent the Yanks club to Dallas. They became the Dallas Texans for one season and moved on to Baltimore, where they changed their name to the Colts. In 1960, the Dallas expansion team (the Cowboys) hired Tom Landry as head coach. That original Yanks club was sold to the NFL for a mere $300,000.

1953 - Sixty-eight percent of all TV sets in the U.S. were tuned to CBS-TV, as Lucy Ricardo of "I Love Lucy" gave birth to a baby boy -- just as she actually did in real life -- following the script to the letter! The audience for the program was greater than that watching the inauguration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower the following day.

1955 - U.S. President Eisenhower allowed a filmed news conference to be used on television (and in movie newsreels) for the first time. The 33-minute conference was cut to 28-1/2 minutes to fit TV formats.

1957 - Philadelphia comedian, Ernie Kovacs, became a major star, when he was able to pull off the challenge of doing a half-hour TV show without uttering a single word of dialogue.

1959 - Dick Clark’s "American Bandstand" was the number-one daytime TV show in the U.S. Remember Rate-A-Record? Three kids would listen and then rate a new song. Rankings went from 35 to 98. The usual comment, “It has a good beat and you can dance to it.”

1966 - Indira Gandhi, the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, was appointed India’s prime minister. Following the death of her father (May 1964), Gandhi had become minister of information and broadcasting in Lal Bahadur Shastri’s government. Gandhi succeeded him as prime minister this day, after he died suddenly. The following year she was elected to a 5-year term by the Parliament members of the dominant Congress party. She led her party to a landslide victory in the national elections of 1971. Indira Gandhi was assassinated Oct 31, 1984 by Sikh members of her security guard.

1970 - The soundtrack of the film, "Easy Rider", the movie that made a star of Peter Fonda, became a gold record. It was the first pop-culture, film soundtrack to earn the gold award.

1971 - Ruby Keeler made her comeback in the play, "No, No Nanette", which opened at the 46th Street Theatre in New York City. Keeler played the role of Sue Smith in the revival of the 1925 hit musical. The show played on for 861 performances.

1974 - Notre Dame ended UCLA’s 88-game winning streak -- at South Bend, Indiana. The Fighting Irish posted a 71-70 basketball win over the Bruins of the University of California at Los Angeles.

1976 - The Beatles turned down an offer of $50 million to play together again on the same stage. Rock promoter Bill Sargent was astonished when the group turned down the offer.

1977 - Outgoing U.S. President Gerald R. Ford pardoned Tokyo Rose on this day. Tokyo Rose, whose real name was Iva Toguri D’Aquino, was an American citizen of Japanese descent. Millions of G.I.s knew her voice from World War II Japanese propaganda radio broadcasts. The programs were extremely popular with U.S. servicemen located in remote areas of the Pacific. Although there was little evidence that the broadcasts had any negative effect, D’Aquino had been convicted of treason after the war.

1983 - Klaus Barbie (“the butcher of Lyon”), Nazi Gestapo chief in Lyon, France during the German occupation, was arrested in Bolivia on charges of having tortured and killed thousands of people. After World War II, Barbie was protected and employed by U.S. intelligence agents because of his “police skills’ and anti-Communist zeal.” Barbie, together with his wife and children, then escaped to Latin America, where he worked primarily as an interrogator and torturer for dictatorships both in Peru and in Bolivia. He was tried in 1987 and died in prison in 1991.

1985 - "The New York Times" announced that Lee Iacocca’s book, "Iacocca", was the best selling hard cover book of 1984. It wasn’t topped in sales until the arrival of Rush Limbaugh’s first tome in the early 1990s.

1991 - Janet Jackson’s single, "Love Will Never Do (Without You)", hit #1 (for one week) in the U.S.: “I feel better when I have you near me; Cause no other love around; Has quite the same ooh ooh (ha ha ha!); Like you do do do do babe.”

1993 - A pre-inaugural gala in Landover, MD toasted incoming U.S. President Bill Clinton. The party featured a reunion of Fleetwood Mac performing Don't Stop (Thinking About Tomorrow), the unofficial campaign song for Clinton and his running mate, Al Gore. Other performers included Aretha Franklin, Barbra Streisand, Michael Jackson, Little Richard and Chuck Berry.

1996 - U.S. debut day for these films: "Mr. Holland’s Opus" (a frustrated composer finds fulfillment as a high school music teacher), with Richard Dreyfuss, Glenne Headly, Jay Thomas, Olympia Dukakis, W. H. Macy, Alicia Witt and Jean Louisa Kelly; and "Screamers", a “sci-fi thriller” starring Peter Weller, Poy Dupuis, Jennifer Rubin and Andy Lauer.

1998 - Rock and Roll Hall of Famer Carl Perkins died at age 65 after a series of strokes. Perkins was a Tennessee sharecropper’s son. His first guitar was made from a cigar box and broom handle, and his "Blue Suede Shoes" was written on a potato sack.

2001 - New movies in the U.S.: "The Gift" (a woman with extrasensory perception is asked to help find a young woman who has disappeared), starring Cate Blanchett, Giovanni Ribisi, Keanu Reeves, Greg Kinnear and Hilary Swank; "The Pledge" (a retiring police chief pledges to catch the killer of a young child), with Jack Nicholson, Robin Wright Penn and directed by Sean Penn; and "Snatch" (weirdos tracking down a priceless stolen diamond), starring Benicio Del Toro, Dennis Farina, Jason Flemyng, Vinnie Jones, Brad Pitt, Rade Sherbedgia and Jason Statham.

2003 - At the 60th Golden Globes The Hours won as best drama and Chicago won as best musical or comedy. Jack Nicholson won the prize for his role in About Schmidt and Nicole Kidman won for her role in The Hours. Martin Scorsese won as best director for Gangs of New York.

2003 - The Oakland Raiders won the AFC title game, beating the Tennessee Titans 41-24. The Tampa Bay Buccaneers took the NFC Championship game, defeating the Philadelphia Eagles 27-10.

2004 - In the Iowa caucuses John Kerry led the Democrats with 38%, John Edwards was second with 32%, Howard Dean was third with 18% and Dick Gephardt fourth with 11%.

2005 - Assault on Precinct 13 opened in U.S. theatres. The action thriller stars Laurence Fishburne, Ethan Hawke, Maria Bello, Drea de Matteo, John Leguizamo, Aisha Hinds, Gabriel Byrne, Fulvio Cecere, Kim Coates, Matt Craven, Brian Dennehy, Colin Glazer, Currie Graham, Sasha Roiz and Ja Rule.

2005 - Walter Wriston, longtime head of Citicorp and an advisor to U.S. President Ronald Reagan, died in NY at 85 years of age.

2006 - The 22nd Sundance Film Festival, the largest independent film festival in the U.S., began in Salt Lake City and Park City, Utah. The festival opened with the world premiere of Friends With Money, written and directed by Nicole Holofcener and starring Jennifer Aniston, Scott Caan, Joan Cusack, Catherine Keener and Frances McDormand.

2006 - Thirty-one people died during a four-day cold snap in Russia where temperatures plunged to as low as -31°C (-24°F). In Siberia, the temperature plummeted to minus 61 degrees Celsius (minus 78 Fahrenheit), an all-time record low.

2007 - North Carolina’s Governor Mike Easley announced that online search giant Google was investing some $600 million to build a data center in Lenoir, North Carolina.

2007 - Singer, songwriter Denny Doherty, of The Mamas and the Papas, died at his home in Ontario, Canada of an abdominal aneurysm after having undergone surgery a few weeks earlier. He was 66 years old. The group was known for their soaring harmony on hits like California Dreamin’ (1966) and Monday, Monday. Doherty was the third of the band’s four members to die. ‘Mama’ Cass Elliot died of a heart attack in 1974 and ‘Papa’ John Phillips died of heart failure in 2001. Michelle Phillips is the remaining living member of the group.

2008 - Hillary Clinton defeated rival Barack Obama 51-45% in tight Democratic Nevada caucuses. Her delegate count increased to 236, followed by Barack Obama with 136 and 50 for Senator John Edwards. Mitt Romney, former Massachusetts governor, cruised to victory in the little-contested GOP Nevada caucuses.

2008 - Actress Suzanne Pleshette died in Los Angeles. The film and TV star was best known for her role as Bob Newhart’s sardonic wife on the long-running The Bob Newhart Show. Her work also included roles in such films as Hitchcock’s The Birds and in Broadway plays including The Miracle Worker.

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Birthdays - January 19
1736 - James Watt (inventor: condensing steam engine; the watt, a unit of power, was named after him; died Aug 19, 1819)

1807 - Robert E. (Edward) Lee (Civil War: Confederate General surrendered to the North’s General Ulysses S. Grant; died Oct 12, 1870)

1809 - Edgar Allan Poe (poet: The Raven; author of suspense tales: The Murders in the Rue Morgue, The Fall of the House of Usher; died Oct 7, 1849)

1813 - Sir Henry Bessemer (inventor: the Bessemer process of converting pig iron to steel; died Mar 15, 1898)

1908 - Merwyn Bogue (Ish Kabibble: comic singer: Three Little Fishies; sang and played trumpet with Kay Kyser’s Kollege of Musical Knowledge; big bandleader; combo: The Shy Guys; died June 5, 1994)

1922 - Guy Madison (Robert Ozell Moseley) (actor: The Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok, Drums in the Deep South, Hell Commandos, Till the End of Time, Bullwhip; died Feb 6, 1996)

1923 - Jean Stapleton (Murray) (Emmy Award-winning actress: All in the Family [1970-1971, 1971-1972, 1977-1978]; Bells are Ringing, Cinderella, Damn Yankees, Klute; died May 31, 2013)

1926 - Fritz Weaver (actor: Holocaust, Marathon Man, Black Sunday; died Nov 26, 2016)

1930 - Tippi (Natalie) Hedren (actress: The Birds, Deadly Spygames, Harrad Experiment, Pacific Heights)

1931 - Robert MacNeil (Emmy Award-winning broadcast journalist: The Story of English: A Muse of Fire [1986-87]; The MacNeil/Lehrer Report, NBC News anchor [1965])

1939 - Phil Everly (singer: The Everly Brothers [w/brother, Don]: Bye Bye Love, Wake Up Little Susie, All I Have to Do is Dream, Bird Dog, Cathy’s Clown; solo: When Will I Be Loved; radio host: In Session; died Jan 3, 2014)

1940 - Mary Mills (champion golfer: U.S. Open [1963]; LPGA [1964, 1973])

1942 - Michael Crawford (Dumble-Smith) (actor, singer: The Phantom of the Opera, Condorman, Hello, Dolly!, A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, The Knack)

1943 - Janis Joplin (singer: with Big Brother and The Holding Company: Piece of My Heart, How Hard It Is; formed Kozmic Blues Band, then Full Tilt Boogie Band: Pearl, Me and Bobby McGee; died Oct 4, 1970)

1944 - Shelley Fabares (singer: Johnny Angel, Johnny Loves Me; comedienne-actress, Nanette Fabray’s niece)

1946 - Dolly Parton (songwriter, singer: ACM Entertainer of the Year [1977], CMA Entertainer of the year [1978]: Jolene, Coat of Many Colors, Here You Come Again, 9-to-5, You’re the Only One, [w/Kenny Rogers]: Islands in the Stream; Grand Ol’ Opry member; actress: 9-to-5, The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas, Steel Magnolias; owns Dollywood amusement park in Tennessee)

1947 - Ann Compton (newscaster: ABC News)

1948 - Terry Hanratty (football: Pittsburgh Steelers quarterback: Super Bowl IX, X)

1948 - Harvey Hinsley (musician: guitar: groups: Outlaws, Cliff Bennett’s Rebel Rousers, Hot Chocolate: Emma, Disco Queen, You Sexy Thing, So You Win Again, I’ll Put You Back Together Again, Every 1’s a Winner, Girl Crazy, Chances)

1949 - Robert Palmer (singer, guitarist: Sneakin’ Sally through the Alley, Hey Julia, Addicted to Love, Every Kinda People, I Didn’t Mean to Turn You On, It Could Happen To You; died Sep 26, 2003)

1950 - Jon (Jonathan Trumpbour) Matlack (baseball: pitcher: NY Mets [NL Rookie of the Year: 1972/World Series: 1973/all-star: 1974-1976], Texas Rangers)

1952 - Dewey Bunnell (musician, singer, songwriter: group: America: A Horse with No Name, You Can Do Magic)

1953 - Desi Arnaz Jr. (entertainer, singer: group: Dino, Desi and Billy: Through Spray Colored Glasses; see 1953 [above])

1953 - Larry Goodenough (hockey: Richmond Robins, Philadelphia Flyers, Vancouver Canucks, Tulsa Oilers, Dallas Blackhawks, Saginaw Gears, Houston Apollos, New Haven Nighthawks, Binghamton Whalers)

1957 - Mickey Virtue (musician: keyboard: group: UB40: Food for Thought, If It Happens Again, Don’t Break My Heart, Red, Red Wine)

1961 - Paul McCrane (actor: Fame, RoboCop, Cop Rock, The Shawshank Redemption, Under Suspicion, ER, From the Earth to the Moon)

1966 - Stefan Edberg (International Tennis Hall of Famer: 41 titles, including six grand slams)

1969 - Wendy Moniz (actress: Nash Bridges, Big Shots, Damages, One Life to Live, 666 Park Avenue)

1969 - Orlando Palmeiro (baseball: Univ of Miami; California/Anaheim Angels, SL Cardinals, Houston Astros)

1969 - Junior Seau (Tiaina Baul Seau) (football: Univ of Southern California; NFL: SD Chargers, Miami Dolphins, New England Patriots; died May 2, 2012

1976 - Marsha Thomason (actress: Las Vegas, Lost, White Collar, Into the Blue 2: The Reef, LA Blues, The Fast One, The Haunted Mansion, Black Knight, Prime Suspect 5: Errors of Judgement)

1977 - Keith Newman (football [linebacker]: Univ of North Carolina; NFL: Buffalo Bills, Atlanta Falcons, Minnesota Vikings)

1978 - Bernard Williams (track and field: Olympic 200m silver medalist [2004]; World Outdoor 100m bronze medalist [2001]; U.S. Outdoor 100m champion [2003]; Olympic 4x100m relay gold medalist [2000]; World Outdoor 4x100m relay gold medalist [2001, 2003]; NCAA 100m champ [2000]; Pan American Games 100m champ [1999])

1980 - Jenson Button (British Formula One driver: Formula One World Champion [2009])

1981 - Bitsie Tulloch (actress: Grimm, Lakeview Terrace, Losing Control, Caroline and Jackie, House, Cold Case, The West Wing, Moonlight, Outlaw, Lonelygirl15, The Artist, Parkland)

1982 - Jodie Sweetin (actress: Full House, Jim Henson Presents Mother Goose Stories, Small Bits of Happiness, Port City)

1984 - Trever O’Brien (actor: They Call Him Sasquatch, Motocrossed, Michael Landon, The Father I Knew, Homecoming, Lawnmower Man 2: Beyond Cyberspace, Ring of the Musketeers; brother of actor Austin O’Brien)

If you like TWtD you will love TWtD Deluxe.

Chart Toppers - January 19
For Sentimental Reasons - Nat King Cole
Ole Buttermilk Sky - The Kay Kyser Orchestra (vocal: Mike Douglas & The Campus Kids)
A Gal in Calico - Johnny Mercer
Rainbow at Midnight - Ernest Tubb

Mr. Sandman - The Chordettes
Hearts of Stone - The Fontane Sisters
Make Yourself Comfortable - Sarah Vaughan
Loose Talk - Carl Smith

Go Away Little Girl - Steve Lawrence
Hotel Happiness - Brook Benton
Tell Him - The Exciters
The Ballad of Jed Clampett - Flatt & Scruggs

My Sweet Lord/Isn’t It a Pity - George Harrison
Knock Three Times - Dawn
Lonely Days - Bee Gees
Rose Garden - Lynn Anderson

Too Much Heaven - Bee Gees
Le Freak - Chic
My Life - Billy Joel
Lady Lay Down - John Conlee

Shake You Down - Gregory Abbott
C’est La Vie - Robbie Nevil
Open Your Heart - Madonna
What Am I Gonna Do About You - Reba McEntire
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...

Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams

Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International

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