Events - November 14
1832 - The first horsecar (a streetcar drawn by horses) was displayed in New York City. The vehicle had room for 30 people in three compartments. The new service traveled Fourth Avenue between Prince and Fourteenth Streets.
1851 - “Call me Ishmael. Some years ago -- never mind how long precisely -- having little or no money in my purse, and nothing particular to interest me on shore, I thought I would sail about a little and see the watery part of the world...” Thus begins Herman Melville’s book "Moby-Dick; or, The Whale", which was first published in New York City by Harper & Brothers on this day. The complex, but rousing sea story tells the tale of a sea captain’s search for Moby Dick, the great white whale that had once crippled him. The story is told by sailor-narrator Ishmael. Through the pages of "Moby Dick", we meet Ishmael’s bunkmate Queequeg, a whale harpooner from Polynesia; learn everything there is to know about whaling in the nineteenth century; and, of course, about Captain Ahab and his obsession with Moby Dick.
1921 - KYW radio, Chicago, IL broadcast the first opera by a professional company. Listeners heard "Samson Et Dalila" as it was being performed at the Chicago Auditorium.
1943 - Leonard Bernstein replaced an indisposed Bruno Walter as conductor of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. Thus began a legendary career and worldwide appreciation for Bernstein’s many compositions with the orchestra.
1944 - An outstanding array of musicians gathered in Hollywood to record a classic. Tommy Dorsey and orchestra made "Opus No. 1", Victor record number 20-1608. Buddy Rich was the drummer in the session, Al Klink and Buddy DeFranco blew sax and Nelson Riddle played trombone on the Sy Oliver arrangement.
1945 - Captain Eddie Rickenbacker sold the historic Indianapolis Motor Speedway. Former Indy winner Wilbur Shaw became the new president and manager of the speedway. The track was purchased by the Tony Holman family a short time later.
1951 - The first telecast of a world lightweight title fight was seen coast to coast. Jimmy Carter beat Art Aragon in Los Angeles.
1959 - The eruption of Kilauea Iki Crater (Nov 14-Dec 20, 1959) on the Big Island of Hawaii was a relatively brief event, but produced some of Kilauea’s most spectacular lava fountains of the 20th century. (The current Pu`u `O`o-Kupaianaha eruption of Kilauea began in 1983).
1964 - Gordie Howe of the Detroit Red Wings set a National Hockey League record as he scored his 627th career goal in a game against Montreal.
1966 - Boxing’s largest indoor crowd assembled in the Houston Astrodome to see Cassius Clay defeat Cleveland Williams -- by a TKO.
1967 - The Monkees received a gold record for "Daydream Believer".
1972 - For the first time in its 76-year history, the Dow Jones industrial average closed above the 1,000 mark: 1003.16.
1975 - "They Just Can’t Stop It (The Games People Play)" became a gold record for the Spinners. Their other hits include "Then Came You" (with Dionne Warwicke), "Could It Be I’m Falling in Love", "The Rubberband Man", "Working My Way Back to You", "Cupid", "It’s a Shame" and "I’ll Be Around" -- for Motown.
1981 - Paul ‘Bear’ Bryant tied the record of Amos Alonzo Stagg for most football wins. The Alabama Crimson Tide notched win #314 for Coach Bryant. Alabama beat Penn State, 31-16.
1981 - For the second week in a row, Daryl Hall and John Oates owned the top spot on the pop music charts with "Private Eyes".
1986 - The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission announced that Ivan Boesky would have to pay $100 million in fines and alleged profits to settle insider-trading charges against him. The settlement was just $6 million less than the entire S.E.C. budget for 1986.
1987 - The "Dirty Dancing" movie soundtrack was the number one album in the U.S. It was number one for a total of eighteen weeks. The remainder of the top-five that week: 2)-"Tunnel of Love" (Bruce Springsteen); 3)-"Bad" (Michael Jackson); 4)-"Whitesnake" (Whitesnake); 5)-"A Momentary Lapse of Reason" (Pink Floyd).
1993 - Don Shula was carried off the Veterans Stadium field by his Miami Dolphins after a 19-14 win over the Philadelphia Eagles. That victory was #325 in Shula’s career and made him the winningest coach in NFL history, surpassing the legendary George Halas. (Of all NFL coaches, only Shula and Halas reached 300 victories.) Shula finished his career in 1995 with a coaching record of 347-173-6. He was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1997.
1997 - New movies in U.S. theatres: "The Jackal" (“How do you stop an assassin who has no identity?”), starring Bruce Willis, Richard Gere and Sidney Poitier; "The Man who Knew too Little" (“He’s on a mission so secret, even he doesn’t know about it.”), with Bill Murray, Peter Gallagher and Joanne Whalley; and "One Night Stand" (“It was just one night that changed everything.”), starring Wesley Snipes, Nastassja Kinski and Robert Downey Jr.
Birthdays - November 14
1765 - Robert Fulton (builder of first profitable steamboat: the Clermont; died Feb 24, 1815)
1840 - Claude Monet (artist: Water Lilies, La Grenouillere, Impression: Sunrise, Old St. Lazare Station, Paris; died Dec 5, 1926)
1889 - Jawaharlal Nehru (India’s 1st prime minister after its independence; died May 27, 1964)
1896 - Mamie Doud Eisenhower (First Lady: wife of 34th U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower; died Nov 1, 1979)
1900 - Aaron Copland (Academy Award-winning composer: film score: The Heiress ; Of Mice and Men, Our Town, Lincoln Portrait, Fanfare for the Common Man; ballet score: Billy the Kid; Pulitzer Prize- winner: Appalachian Spring ; died Dec 2, 1990)
1904 - Dick (Richard E.) Powell (actor: Too Busy to Work, Footlight Parade, Gold Diggers of 1933, Gold Diggers of 1935, Gold Diggers of 1937, Hollywood Hotel, Murder, My Sweet, Cry Danger, Four Star Playhouse, Susan Slept Here; TV Host: The Best in Mystery, Zane Grey Theater, The Dick Powell Show (1961) TV; died Jan 2, 1963)
1908 - Harrison Salisbury (Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist for International Reporting ; Moscow correspondent for NY Times; died July 5, 1993)
1910 - Rosemary DeCamp (actress: Rhapsody in Blue, On Moonlight Bay, The Bob Cummings Show, That Girl, The Life of Riley; died Feb 20, 2001)
1912 - Barbara Hutton (heiress: F.W. Woolworth; died May 11, 1979)
1915 - Martha Tilton (singer: And the Angels Sing, A Stranger in Town; actress: The Benny Goodman Story, Sunny; died Dec 8, 2006)
1919 - Johnny Desmond (Giovanni Alfredo de Simone) (singer: Yellow Rose of Texas, Play Me Hearts and Flowers; group: Bob-O-Links w/Bob Crosby Band; solo: ‘G.I. Sinatra’: Glenn Miller AAF band, Don McNeill’s Breakfast Club, Your Hit Parade, Face the Music; actor: Escape from San Quentin, China Doll, Hawk of the Caribbean; died Sep 6, 1985)
1921 - Brian Keith (Robert Keith Richey, Jr.) (actor: Family Affair, Hardcastle & McCormick, Heartland, The Westerner, Crusader, Centennial, The Brian Keith Show, Walter and Emily, Nevada Smith, The Loneliest Runner, The Parent Trap, The Young Philadelphians, Young Guns; died June 24, 1997)
1922 - Boutros Boutros-Ghali (UN Secretary-General [Jan 1992–Jan 1997]; died Feb 16, 2016)
1924 - Phyllis Avery (actress: The George Gobel Show, Mr. Novak; died May 19, 2011)
1927 - McLean Stevenson (actor: M*A*S*H, The McLean Stevenson Show, Hello Larry, The Tim Conway Comedy Hour, The Doris Day Show, Condo; died Feb 15, 1996)
1929 - Tiny (DeWayne) Lund (auto racer: Daytona 500 winner ; died Aug 10, 1975)
1929 - Jimmy (James Anthony) Piersall (baseball: Boston Red Sox [all-star: 1954, 1956], Cleveland Indians, Washington Senators, LA Angels, New York Mets, California Angels; died Jun 3, 2017)
1933 - Fred Haise Jr. (astronaut: Apollo 13 )
1935 - King Hussein bin Talal (head of state: King of Jordan; died Feb 7, 1999)
1935 - Don Stewart (actor: Guiding Light, The Doomsday Flight; died Jan 9, 2006)
1940 - Freddie Garrity (singer: group: Freddie and the Dreamers: I’m Telling You Now; died May 19, 2006)
1942 - Bryan Watson (hockey: NHL Montreal Canadiens, Detroit Red Wings, Oakland Seals, Pittsburgh Penguins, Washington Capitals)
1948 - Prince Charles (of Wales) (Charles Philip Arthur George Windsor Mountbatten) (heir to British throne)
1948 - Robert Ginty (actor: The Paper Chase, Hawaiian Heat, Falcon Crest, Baa Baa Black Sheep, Lady Dragon, Harley Davidson and the Marlboro Man, Madhouse, Programmed to Kill, Exterminator series, Coming Home; died Sep 21, 2009)
1949 - James Young (musician: guitar: group: Styx: Lady, Suite Madame Blue, Come Sail Away, Miss America, Castle Walls, Superstars, Renegade, Babe, The Best of Times, Too Much Time on My Hands, Mr. Roboto)
1951 - Frankie Banali (musician: group: Quiet Riot)
1951 - Stephen Bishop (singer: It Might Be You; musician: guitar; singer, songwriter: On and On, Save It for a Rainy Day, Everybody Needs Love, This is the Night, Living in the Land of Abe Lincoln, theme for Animal House, Dream Girl, theme for China Syndrome: Somewhere In Between, Don’t You Worry, LPs: Careless, Bish)
1954 - Yanni (Chrysomallis) (musician: piano: LP: Optimystique; music used on broadcasts of: Tour de France, Olympic Games, World Series; swimmer: Greek National Swim Team)
1954 - Willie (Guillermo Villanueva) Hernandez (baseball: pitcher: Chicago Cubs, Philadelphia Phillies [World Series: 1983], Detroit Tigers [World Series: 1984/all-star: 1984-1986/Cy Young Award: 1984/Baseball Writers’ Award: 1984)
1955 - Jack Sikma (basketball: Milwaukee Bucks, Seattle Supersonics)
1956 - Alec John Such (musician: bass: group: Bon Jovi)
1962 - Laura San Giacomo (actress: Just Shoot Me, The Right to Remain Silent, Stephen King’s The Stand, Under Suspicion, Vital Signs, Pretty Woman, sex, lies and videotape, Miles from Home)
1964 - Patrick Warburton (actor: Seinfeld, Dave’s World, NewsRadio, Scream 3, The Emperor's New Groove, Men in Black 2)
1966 - Jeanette Jurado(singer: group: Exposé: Season’s Change)
Chart Toppers - November 14
It’s Been a Long, Long Time - The Harry James Orchestra (vocal: Kitty Kallen)
Till the End of Time - Perry Como
I’ll Buy that Dream - The Pied Pipers
With Tears in My Eyes - Wesley Tuttle
Ebb Tide - The Frank Chacksfield Orchestra
Rags to Riches - Tony Bennett
Many Times - Eddie Fisher
There Stands the Glass - Webb Pierce
Big Bad John - Jimmy Dean
Fool #1 - Brenda Lee
Tower of Strength - Gene McDaniels
Walk on By - Leroy Van Dyke
Wedding Bell Blues - The 5th Dimension
Come Together - The Beatles
Baby It’s You - Smith
To See My Angel Cry - Conway Twitty
You Light Up My Life - Debby Boone
Boogie Nights - Heatwave
It’s Ecstasy When You Lay Down Next to Me - Barry White
More to Me - Charley Pride
Miami Vice Theme - Jan Hammer
Head over Heels - Tears For Fears
You Belong to the City - Glenn Frey
Can’t Keep a Good Man Down - Alabama
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.