440 International Those Were the Days
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June 4

Events - June 4
1674 - Horse racing became a nag to the good people of Plymouth, Massachusetts, and the sport was prohibited in the colony.

1784 - Although the first flight of any significant length, in any object, was achieved by a man on November 21, 1783; a woman did it higher, and longer on this day. Elisabeth Thible of Lyon, France was the first woman to fly in a hot-air balloon. Her flight lasted 45 minutes, that’s 20 minutes longer than the flying trip her male counterparts (Dr. Pilâtre de Rozier and his faithful courtier, the Marquis d’Arlandes) took some 6 months earlier. Mme. Thible’s balloon, named "Le Gustave" (after Sweden’s King Gustav III, who viewed the ascent), rose 8,500 feet (2,591 meters). The guys only made it to 2,953 feet (900 meters).

1831 - The independent constitutional monarchy of Belgium named Prince Leopold as its first king. 109 years later, less one week, King Leopold’s descendant, Leopold III, surrendered to Germany.

1896 - Henry Ford took a trial run in his Ford automobile around the streets of Detroit, MI.

1917 - Laura E. Richards and Maude H. Elliott, along with their assistant, Florence Hall, received the first Pulitzer Prize for a biography. The title of their work was "Julia Ward Howe". "With Americans of Past and Present Days", by Jean Jules Jusserand, received the first prize for history; while Herbert B. Swope picked up the first reporter’s Pulitzer. He wrote for the "New York World". Altogether, these were the very first Pulitzer Prizes ever awarded.

1931 - The first rocket-glider flight was made by William Swan in Atlantic City, NJ.

1934 - The Dorsey Brothers, Tommy and Jimmy, recorded "Annie’s Cousin Fanny" on the Brunswick label. The track featured trombonist Glenn Miller, who also vocalized on the tune.

1939 - Sylvan Goldman introduced the first grocery-store shopping cart in Oklahoma City, OK. The original shopping cart was actually a folding chair mounted on wheels.

1944 - "Leonidas Witherall" was first broadcast on the Mutual Broadcasting System. Witherall was a detective who looked just like William Shakespeare.

1949 - Jack Kramer defeated Bobby Riggs and won the men’s pro-tennis title.

1962 - The legendary sportscaster Clem McCarthy died. McCarthy was the first to announce the running of the Kentucky Derby back in 1928.

1964 - Sandy Koufax of the Los Angeles Dodgers tied Bob Feller’s 1951 record by pitching a third career no-hit baseball game. Koufax blanked the Philadelphia Phillies 3-0. He struck out a dozen Phillies’ batters.

1974 - Cleveland Indians public relations experts thought that ‘Ten Cent Beer Night’ would bring out the fans and otherwise help the slumping Indians -- a team no one cared to watch. The promotion was a disaster. Oh, sure, there was plenty of dime brew sold at Municipal Stadium that night. But there were soon plenty of drunken, surly, unruly fans, too, which made it possible for the Indians to forfeit the ball game to the Texas Rangers. Municipal Stadium could seat some 60,000 fans and only 22,000 showed up for the frolic and merriment.

1984 - For the first time in 32 years, golfing-great Arnold Palmer failed to make the cut for the U.S. Open golf tournament. Palmer missed making the tourney by two strokes.

1987 - Edwin Moses, who had won a total of 122 consecutive victories in the 400-meter hurdles, was defeated by Danny Harris in Madrid, Spain. It had been ten years since Moses had lost the event.

1989 - Democracy took a hard blow this day in Peking as the People’s Army of China opened fire on crowds of demonstrators. What began as a student demonstration on behalf of democracy a month and a half earlier, had become a demonstration of hundreds of thousands of people from all walks of life defying the government ban on the students’ action. Armored tanks of the People’s Army literally rolled over demonstrators as the world watched in horror as the tragedy unfolded on live TV. The government issued statements claiming that only a few had died. Other estimates of the deaths in Tiananmen Square ranged from hundreds to several thousand. There is no contradiction of the fact that thousands of demonstrators were later jailed.

Those Were the Days: Current Issues

Birthdays - June 4
1738 - King George III (King of Great Britain and Ireland [1760-1811] during time of the American Revolutionary War against the British; died Jan 29, 1820)

1907 - Rosalind Russell (actress: My Sister Eileen, Sister Kenny, Auntie Mame, Mourning Becomes Electra, China Seas, Picnic, Gypsy; died Nov 28, 1976)

1910 - Sir Christopher Cockerell (inventor: the Hovercraft; died June 1, 1999)

1917 - Charles Collingwood (journalist: CBS news correspondent from WWII thru Viet Nam; died Oct 3, 1985)

1917 - Robert Merrill (Moishe Miller) (Metropolitan Opera singing star; died Oct 23, 2004)

1920 - Russell Train (environmentalist: US Environmental Protection Agency Administrator, head of World Wildlife Fund; died Sep 17, 2012)

1921 - Bobby Wanzer (Basketball Hall of Famer: player/coach: Rochester Royals, Cincinnati Royals; died Jan 23, 2016)

1924 - (Billy) Dennis Weaver (actor: Gunsmoke, McCloud, Gentle Ben, Disaster at Silo 7, Lonesome Dove: The Series; died Feb 24, 2006)

1928 - Dr. Ruth Westheimer (Karola Ruth Siegel) (sex therapist; author; TV celebrity)

1930 - Morgana King (jazz singer, actress: The Godfather, The Godfather Part 2, A Time to Remember)

1936 - Bruce Dern (actor: Black Sunday, Hush, Hush, Sweet Charlotte, Coming Home, The ’Burbs, They Shoot Horses Don’t They?, Middle Age Crazy)

1937 - Freddy Fender (Baldemar Huerta) (singer: Wasted Days and Wasted Nights, Before the Next Teardrop Falls; died Oct 14, 2006)

1937 - Robert Fulghum (author: It Was on Fire When I Lay Down on It, All I Really Need to Know I Learned in Kindergarten)

1938 - Pat Studstill (football: Detroit Lions)

1943 - Sandra Haynie (golf champion: U.S. Open [1974, 1975], Du Maurier Classic [1982], LPGA [1974])

1944 - Roger Ball (musician: saxophone, keyboards: group: Average White Band: Pick Up the Pieces, Work to Do, Let’s Go Around Again)

1944 - Michelle Phillips (Holly Michelle Gilliam) (singer: group: The Mamas and the Papas: California Dreamin’, Monday, Monday, I Saw Her Again, Words of Love, Dedicated to the One I Love, Creeque Alley; actress: The Last Movie, Dillinger, Knot’s Landing)

1945 - Gordon Waller (singer: duo: Peter and Gordon: World Without Love, Nobody I Know, I Don’t Want to See You Again, I Go to Pieces, Lady Godiva; actor: Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat; died Jul 17, 2009)

1946 - Bettina Gregory (international broadcast journalist: ranging from White House and Pentagon coverage to environmental orientations such as Love Canal and Three Mile Island)

1951 - Ed Newman (football: Miami Dolphins guard: Super Bowls VIII, XIX)

1952 - Parker Stevenson (actor: The Hardy Boys Mysteries, Baywatch, Melrose Place, Falcon Crest)

1953 - Larry (Lawrence Calvin) Demery (baseball: pitcher: Pittsburgh Pirates)

1956 - Keith David (actor: Dead Presidents, The Quick and the Dead, The Last Outlaw, Final Analysis, Men at Work, Always, Bird, Platoon, The Thing, Crash, Agent Cody Banks, Hollywood Homicide, Barbershop, Novocaine, Semper Fi, The Replacements)

1958 - Eddie Velez (actor: Extremities, Bitter Vengeance, Rooftops, Romero, Split Decisions, Women’s Club, Doin’ Time, True Blue, Trial and Error, Charlie & Co., Berrenger’s, The A-Team, Traffic)

1961 - El (Eldra) DeBarge (singer: group: DeBarge: I Like It, All This Love, Time Will Reveal, Rhythm of the Night)

1965 - Andrea Jaeger (tennis: U.S. Open semifinals [1980 at age 15]; U.S. Olympic women’s team [1984])

1966 - Cecilia Bartoli (mezzo-soprano: Rossina [Il barbiere di Siviglia], title role of La Cenerentola, Zerlina [Don Giovanni], Despina and Dorabella [Cosi fan tutte], Susanna and Cherubino [Le nozze fi Figaro], Euridice and Genio in Haydn's Orfeo ed Euridice; in films: Il Barbiere di Siviglia, Mozart: Requiem, La Cenerentola, Così fan tutte)

1968 - Scott Wolf (actor: Party of Five, The Evening Star, The Naked Dead)

1971 - Noah Wyle (actor: ER, Can't Stop Dancing, Pirates of Silicon Valley, Scenes of the Crime)

1975 - Angelina Jolie (Voight) (Academy Award-winning supporting actress: Girl, Interrupted; Gia, George Wallace, Cyborg 2, Foxfire, Playing by Heart, Tomb Raider, Original Sin; daughter of actor Jon Voight)

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Chart Toppers - June 4
1947
Mam’selle - Art Lund
Linda - Buddy Clark with the Ray Noble Orchestra
My Adobe Hacienda - Eddy Howard
What is Life Without Love - Eddy Arnold

1955
Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White - Perez Prado
A Blossom Fell - Nat King Cole
Rock Around the Clock - Bill Haley & His Comets
In the Jailhouse Now - Webb Pierce

1963
It’s My Party - Lesley Gore
I Love You Because - Al Martino
Da Doo Ron Ron - The Crystals
Lonesome 7-7203 - Hawkshaw Hawkins

1971
Brown Sugar - The Rolling Stones
Want Ads - The Honey Cone
It Don’t Come Easy - Ringo Starr
I Won’t Mention It Again - Ray Price

1979
Hot Stuff - Donna Summer
Love You Inside Out - Bee Gees
We are Family - Sister Sledge
If I Said You Had a Beautiful Body Would You Hold It Against Me - Bellamy Brothers

1987
With or Without You - U2
You Keep Me Hangin’ On - Kim Wilde
Always - Atlantic Starr
It Takes a Little Rain (To Make Love Grow) - The Oak Ridge Boys

Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...


Comments/Corrections: TWtDfix@440fun.com

Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams


Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
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