Events - April 22
1793 - Philadelphia played host to the first circus attended by George Washington. It would be years before Congress provided a two-ring circus of its own for the President!
1864 - The U.S. Congress mandated that all coins minted as U.S. currency bear the inscription “In God We Trust.”
1876 - An eight-team National League began its inaugural season on this day in 1876. A crowd of 3,000 watched as Boston defeated Philadelphia 6-5. The opening season consisted of 70 games -- a lot less than the 162 game season (barring strikes) played today -- and no playoffs! These are the cities that were home to the original eight National League teams: Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Hartford, Louisville, New York, Philadelphia and St. Louis. Today, Boston is in the American League, Hartford and Louisville don’t have teams in either league, and Atlanta, Montreal, Houston, Pittsburgh, Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco, Colorado and Florida join the rest of the original teams as members of baseball’s National League.
1878 - The first Egg Roll was held on the grounds of the White House in Washington, DC. The first president on hand for the first Egg Roll was Rutherford B. Hayes. The Egg Roll is still held the day after Easter on the South Lawn of the White House, hosted by the President of the United States and the First Lady. The Vice President and his wife also attend the event. The Egg Roll usually follows a traditional Easter Egg Hunt on the grounds, as well. Roll on!
1889 - Land Ho! At noon, the sound of a gun shot was the only signal needed for thousands of settlers to rush into the Oklahoma territory to claim their pieces of land. The U.S. Federal government had purchased almost two million acres of land in Central Oklahoma from the Crete and Seminole Indians and opened it up on this day to the settlers to claim their stakes. The purchase was made under pressure of cattle ranchers who needed more land for grazing.
1914 - Babe Ruth, playing for the Baltimore Orioles, made his pitching debut in pro ball. He shut out the Buffalo Bisons, 6-0.
1931 - A contraption known as the autogyro landed on the lawn of the White House. Before the Secret Service could come out with guns blazing, President Herbert Hoover shook hands with pilot, James G. Ray, and gave him a trophy! Don’t try this today.
1940 - The first all-Chinese commercial radio program was broadcast over KSAN radio in San Francisco, CA. Later, KSAN would become a pioneer in playing ‘underground rock’ music which, to many, must have sounded like Chinese, too...
1946 - Tex McCrary and Jinx Falkenburg arrived at WEAF radio in New York City with an entertaining morning show called, "Hi, Jinx". WEAF later became WNBC and then WFAN SportsRadio 66.
1959 - The Chicago White Sox took ‘batting practice’ against the Kansas City Athletics, 20-6. Chicago scored 11 runs in the seventh inning with only one hit, a single by Johnny Callison. The Sox got 10 walks and one hit batted. Not to be outdone in the effort, the Athletics contributed three errors.
1962 - The Toronto Maple Leafs won back the Stanley Cup after 11 years. The National Hockey League champions kept Lord Stanley’s cup locked up in Toronto for the next three seasons.
1967 - Randy Matson set a world outdoor record in the shot put with a toss of 71 feet, 5-1/2 inches in College Station, Texas. The shot landed in section E-83 of the grandstand, but fortunately, no one was hurt.
1970 - Tom Seaver of the New York Mets struck out 19 batters to tie a National League baseball record. He also set a record by striking out 10 batters consecutively as the ‘Amazing’ Mets defeated the San Diego Padres at Shea Stadium.
1970 - The first Earth Day was observed -- with the purpose of reclaiming the purity of the air we breathe, the water we drink and the environment we live in. With the slogan “Give Earth a Chance,” Earth Day continues to be celebrated on this anniversary or on the vernal equinox.
1974 - Redbone won a gold record for the single, "Come and Get Your Love". The group, playing American Indian ‘swamp rock’, formed in Los Angeles in 1968. Lolly and Pat Vegas, brothers, had been session musicians and worked on the "Shindig" TV show. Anthony Bellamy and Peter De Poe were also members of the group. Redbone had one other hit, "The Witch Queen of New Orleans". The top five hit, "Come and Get Your Love", was the group’s second and final chart success.
1985 - Washington and Lee University researchers reported this day that Martha Washington had 29,650 pounds when she and George were married. Now, before you smart alecks start making cracks about the ‘Father of Our Country’ liking cuddly women, we’d like you to know that 29,650 pounds was worth $5.9 million on their wedding day.
Birthdays - April 22
1707 - Henry Fielding (author: The History of Tom Jones, A Foundling; died Oct 8, 1754)
1724 - Immanuel Kant (philosopher: The Critique of Pure Reason; died Feb 12, 1804)
1870 - Vladimir Lenin (Russian premier [1917-1924]; died Jan 21, 1924)
1904 - J. (Julius) Robert Oppenheimer (physicist: Enrico Fermi Award for work in nuclear physics: designed & built 1st atomic bomb; died Feb 18, 1967)
1906 - Eddie Albert (Edward Albert Heimberger) (actor: Green Acres, Teahouse of the August Moon, Roman Holiday; died May 26, 2005)
1916 - Yehudi Menuhin (violinist: child prodigy: solo with San Francisco Orchestra at age of 7, played with New York Symphony Orchestra at ten; died Mar 12, 1999)
1918 - Mickey (James Barton) Vernon (baseball: Washington Senators [all-star: 1946, 1948, 1953, 1954, 1955], Cleveland Indians [all-star: 1958], Boston Red Sox [all-star: 1956], Milwaukee Braves, Pittsburgh Pirates; died Sep 24, 2008)
1920 - Hal March (Mendelson) (TV emcee: What’s It For, The $64,000 Question, Laughs for Sale; actor: My Friend Irma, The Soldiers, The Imogene Coca Show, The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show; died Jan 19, 1970)
1921 - Candido Camero (musician: bongos, congas, tres, bass: performed/recorded w/George Shearing, Stan Kenton, Dizzy Gillespie, Dinah Washington, Tito Puente, Machito)
1922 - Richard Diebenkorn (artist: Touched Red, Ochre, Flotsam, Green; died Mar 30, 1993)
1922 - Charles Mingus (musician: bassist, piano; singer, bandleader, composer: 20th century black music; died Jan 5, 1979)
1923 - Aaron Spelling (Emmy Award-winning executive producer: Day One, AT&T Presents [1988-1989], And the Band Played On [1993-1994]; Charlie’s Angels, The Love Boat, Fantasy Island, Beverly Hills 90210, Melrose Place; died June 23, 2006)
1933 - Mark Damon (Alan Harris) (actor: Black Sabbath, Between Heaven and Hell, The Fall of the House of Usher)
1936 - Glen Campbell (Grammy Award-winning singer: By the Time I Get to Phoenix, Gentle on My Mind, CMA Entertainer of the Year ; Galveston, Wichita Lineman, Southern Nights, Rhinestone Cowboy; TV host: The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour; actor: True Grit, Norwood, Strange Homecoming)
1937 - (John Joseph) Jack Nicholson (Academy Award-winning actor: One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest , Terms of Endearment , As Good as It Gets ; Five Easy Pieces, The Shining, Batman, Broadcast News, Chinatown, Easy Rider, Prizzi’s Honor, The Witches of Eastwicke, Little Shop of Horrors, A Few Good Men)
1938 - Deane Beman (golf: champ: U.S. Amateur twice and British Amateur once; first commissioner of PGA Tour [1974-1994]; created stadium golf)
1939 - Mel Carter (singer: Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me; actor: Quincy, Sanford and Son, Marcus Welby, M.D., Magnum P.I.)
1939 - Jason Miller (Pulitzer Prize and Tony Award-winning playwright: That Championship Season ; actor: Mommy, Murdered Innocence, Small Kill, Light of Day, Toy Soldiers, Monsignor, The Exorcist series, The Ninth Configuration)
1949 - Spencer Haywood (basketball: U.S. Olympic team [gold medal: 1968], University of Detroit [1st player to leave college early for the pros], Denver Rockets [ABA Most Valuable Player/Rookie of the Year: 1970], LA Lakers)
1950 - Peter Frampton (guitarist, singer: Show Me the Way, Do You Feel Like We Do, I Can’t Stand it No More)
1953 - Tom Lysiak (hockey: NHL: Atlanta Flames, Chicago Blackhawks)
1954 - Joseph Bottoms (actor: The Black Hole, Holocaust, Liar’s Edge, Treacherous Crossing, Surfacing, The Dove, Inner Sanctum)
1961 - Byron Allen (comedian, TV host: Entertainers, Byron Allen Show, Real People, Jammin’; producer, writer, actor: Case Closed)
1964 - Chris Makepeace (actor: My Bodyguard, Vamp, Undergrads, Last Chase, Aloha Summer, The Terry Fox Story, Captive Hearts)
Chart Toppers - April 22
It’s Love, Love, Love - The Guy Lombardo Orchestra (vocal: Skip Nelson)
I Love You - Bing Crosby
Poinciana - Bing Crosby
Too Late to Worry, Too Blue to Cry - Al Dexter
Wheel of Fortune - Kay Starr
Any Time - Eddie Fisher
Be My Life’s Companion - The Mills Brothers
(When You Feel like You’re in Love) Don’t Just Stand There - Carl Smith
The Theme from "A Summer Place" - Percy Faith
Greenfields - The Brothers Four
Sweet Nothin’s - Brenda Lee
He’ll Have to Go - Jim Reeves
Honey - Bobby Goldsboro
Cry like a Baby - The Box Tops
Lady Madonna - The Beatles
Fist City - Loretta Lynn
Disco Lady - Johnnie Taylor
Let Your Love Flow - Bellamy Brothers
Right Back Where We Started From - Maxine Nightingale
Drinkin’ My Baby (Off My Mind) - Eddie Rabbitt
Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now) - Phil Collins
Hello - Lionel Richie
Hold Me Now - The Thompson Twins
The Yellow Rose - Johnny Lee with Lane Brody
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.