Events - April 13
1796 - The first known elephant (like, how would one NOT know it was an elephant?) to arrive in the United States, came to America. The elephant was from Bengal, India and entered the U.S.A. through New York City.
1916 - The first hybrid seed corn was purchased -- for 15-cents a bushel -- by Samuel Ramsay of Jacobsburg, OH.
1940 - A record pole vault of 15 feet was made in Berkeley, CA by Cornelius Warmerdam. Sergei Bubka from the Ukraine doesn’t think much of this record. In 1994, he vaulted himself up and over at a height of 20 feet, 1¾ inches. s
1943 - The Thomas Jefferson Memorial was dedicated in Washington, DC. on this, the anniversary of Jefferson’s birth.
1954 - Hank Aaron debuted with the Milwaukee Braves. In his first ever major-league baseball game, Hammerin’ Hank went 0-for-5 against Cincinnati. Aaron’s first major-league homer came 10 days later.
1958 - Van Cliburn of Kilgore, TX earned 1st prize in the Soviet Union’s Tchaikovsky International Piano Contest in Moscow.
1961 - "Carnival" opened on Broadway at the Imperial Theatre in New York City. Anna Maria Alberghetti starred in the musical which ran for 719 performances.
1963 - Pete Rose got his first major-league hit for the Cincinnati Reds. Twenty one years later to this day, ‘Charlie Hustle’ collected his 4,000th hit. Rose was playing for Montreal when he achieved the feat. (See 1984.)
1964 - The 36th Annual Academy Awards ceremony proved to be a long evening for host Jack Lemmon and his audience at Los Angeles’ Santa Monica Civic Auditorium and those viewing on TV. We don’t know exactly how long the actual ceremonies were, but judging from the length of the films being honored, ‘long’ was the magic word. The five films nominated for Best Picture of 1963 averaged 159 minutes, including the two epics, "Cleopatra" (243 minutes) and "How the West Was Won" (165 minutes). "Tom Jones" (Tony Richardson, producer), which won the top prize, plus Best Director (Tony Richardson) Best Music/Score/Substantially Original (John Addison) and Best Writing/Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium (John Osborne)was a mere two hours long. There were, however, a few average-length flicks that featured above-average, Oscar-winning performances: Best Actor: Sidney Poitier ("Lilies of the Field"); Best Actress: Patricia Neal and Best Supporting Actor: Melvyn Douglas ("Hud"); Best Supporting Actress: Margaret Rutherford ("The V.I.P.s"); and Best Music/Song: "Call Me Irresponsible", James Van Heusen (music), Sammy Cahn (lyrics) from "Papa’s Delicate Condition". Other marathon Oscar-winning movies of 1963: "It’s a Mad Mad Mad Mad World" (188 minutes); "America, America" (174 minutes); "Irma la Douce" (147 minutes).
1972 - The first strike in the history of major-league baseball ended. Players had walked off the field 13 days earlier.
1980 - Broadway’s longest-running musical closed after eight years. "Grease" ran for 3,388 performances and earned $8 million. Though the longest-running musical on the Great White Way at the time, "Grease" was also the third longest-running Broadway show. Other shows in the top five included: "The Defiant Ones" and "Life with Father", "Oh! Calcutta", "A Chorus Line" and "Fiddler on the Roof".
1981 - Janet Cook won a Pulitzer Prize for feature writing. Things took a strange turn when she later said that her prize-winning story in "The Washington Post" was a fake. She made up the story and passed it off as truth. Her award was taken away and given instead to Teresa Carpenter of New York’s "Village Voice".
1984 - The Montreal Expos welcomed Pete Rose to the team and he repaid the Expos’ faithful with a double against his former teammates, the Philadelphia Phillies. It was Rose’s 4,000th career hit. He is the only National League player to reach this milestone since Ty Cobb got 4,109 total hits with American League teams, Detroit and Philadelphia.
1985 - "The Grand Ole Opry", a radio staple from Nashville for 60 years, came to TV. The Nashville Network presented the country music jamboree to some 22-million homes across the U.S.
1986 - Jack Nicklaus won his sixth Masters green jacket with a 9-under-par 279.
Birthdays - April 13
1743 - Thomas Jefferson (3rd U.S. President [1801-1809]; married to Martha Skelton [one son, five daughters]; nickname: Man of the People; died July 4, 1826)
1852 - F.W. (Frank Winfield) Woolworth (merchant: created the five and ten cent store [1879 in Lancaster, PA]: headed F.W. Woolworth & Co. with over 1,000 stores, funded NY’s Woolworth Building; died Apr 8, 1919)
1899 - Alfred M. Butts (architect, inventor: game of Scrabble; died Apr 4, 1993)
1906 - Samuel Beckett (author, critic, playwright: Waiting for Godot, The Unnameable, Eleutheria, Malone Dies, Malloy, Endgame; died Dec 22, 1989)
1906 - Bud (Lawrence) Freeman (jazz musician: tenor sax: China Boy, Easy to Get, I’ve Found a New Baby, The Eel, Mr. Toad; died Mar 15, 1991)
1907 - Harold Stassen (perennial U.S. Presidential candidate; governor of Minnesota; a member of President Eisenhower’s cabinet; one of the founders of the U.N.; died Mar 4, 2001)
1909 - Eudora Welty (poet: Delta Wedding, Losing Battles, A Curtain of Green; quote: “The events in our lives happen in a sequence in time, but in their significance to ourselves they find their own order.”; Computer programmer Steve Dorner (Univ of Illinois,Urbana) created a freeware e-mail program in the late 1980s and dubbed it “Eudora”, which became one of the most popular e-mail readers used around the world, because of Welty’s short story "Why I Live at the P.O." (published in 1941); died July 23, 2001)
1919 - Howard Keel (Harry Clifford Leek) (actor: Dallas; singer, actor: Oklahoma, Annie Get Your Gun, Show Boat, Lovely to Look At, Kiss Me Kate, Calamity Jane, Rose-Marie, Seven Brides for Seven Brothers, Deep in My Heart, Saratoga, No Strings; died Nov 7, 2004)
1919 - Madalyn Murray O’Hair (author: Why I Am an Atheist; murdered: missing since Aug 1995, her body was found near Camp Wood TX Jan 28, 2001)
1923 - Don Adams (Donald James Yarmy) (Emmy Award-winning actor: Get Smart [1966-1967, 1967-1968]; Back to the Beach, The Nude Bomb; died Sep 25, 2005)
1928 - Teddy Charles (Theodore Charles Cohen) (vibraphonist, songwriter: Blue Greens; group: Teddy Charles Quintet; composer, arranger; worked w/modern jazz artists like Herbie Hancock, John Coltrane; died Apr 16, 2012)
1929 - Marilynn Smith (golf: Univ. of Kansas: Kansas State Amateur champ [1946-1948], national collegiate title ; 22 tournament victories/2 major championships [Titleholders: 1963, 1964]; LPGA founder/charter member, president [1958-1960])
1931 - Dan Gurney (auto racer: Indianapolis Speedway Hall of Famer; 1st driver to win all 4 major categories: Formula One, Indy Cars, NASCAR stock and sports cars; team owner: builds All-American Eagle)
1935 - Lyle Waggoner (actor: The Carol Burnett Show, The Jimmie Rodgers Show, Wonder Woman, Dead Women in Lingerie)
1937 - Edward Fox (actor: Gulliver’s Travels, The Dresser, Gandhi, The Mirror Crack’d, Force 10 from Navarone, The Big Sleep, A Bridge Too Far, The Day of the Jackal, Portrait of a Lady)
1939 - Paul Sorvino (actor: Law and Order, Reds, Oh! God, The Day of the Dolphin, Dick Tracy, Goodfellas, A Touch of Class)
1940 - Jose Napoles (Internatinal Boxing Hall of Famer: welterweight champ [1969, 1970])
1940 - Lester Chambers (singer, musician: harmonica: group: The Chambers Brothers: Time Has Come Today)
1942 - Bill Conti (Academy Award-winning composer of scores: The Right Stuff ; Dynasty, Falcon Crest, Inside Edition)
1944 - Jack Casady (musician: bass: groups: KBC Band, Hot Tuna; Jefferson Airplane: It’s No Secret, Runnin’ Round this World, Somebody to Love, White Rabbit)
1944 - Brian Pendleton (musician: guitar: group: The Pretty Things; died May 16, 2001)
1945 - Tony Dow (actor: Leave It to Beaver, Back to the Beach, High School U.S.A., Death Scream)
1946 - Al Green (singer, songwriter: Tired of Being Alone, Let’s Stay Together, You Ought to be with Me, Here I Am, Call Me)
1950 - Ron Perlman (actor: Fluke, Double Exposure, Beauty and the Beast series, The Name of the Rose)
1951 - Max Weinberg (musician: drummer: E Street Band; bandleader: The Max Weinberg 7 [Late Night with Conan O’Brien])
1951 - Peabo Bryson (singer: Underground Music, I Can Make It Better, Just Another Day, Do It with Feeling, Tonight I Celebrate My Love, If You’re Ever in My arms Again)
1954 - Jimmy Destri (musician: Farfisa organ; group: Blondie: Picture This, Hanging on the Telephone, Sunday Girl, Heart of Glass, Call Me, The Tide is High, Rapture)
1957 - Saundra Santiago (actress: Miami Vice, Beat Street)
1963 - Garry Kasparov (World Chess Champion: international grand master)
1970 - Rick Schroder (actor: NYPD Blue, Crimson Tide, Texas, Lonesome Dove, Hansel and Gretel, Earthling, The Champ, Silver Spoons)
Chart Toppers - April 13
If - Perry Como
Mockingbird Hill -Patti Page
Be My Love - Mario Lanza
The Rhumba Boogie - Hank Snow
Come Softly to Me - The Fleetwoods
Pink Shoe Laces - Dodie Stevens
(Now and Then There’s) A Fool Such as I - Elvis Presley
White Lightning - George Jones
Happy Together - The Turtles
Somethin’ Stupid - Nancy Sinatra & Frank Sinatra
Bernadette - Four Tops
Walk Through This World with Me - George Jones
Philadelphia Freedom - The Elton John Band
Poetry Man - Phoebe Snow
(Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song - B.J. Thomas
Always Wanting You - Merle Haggard
Billy Jean - Michael Jackson
Do You Really Want to Hurt Me - Culture Club
Hungry like the Wolf - Duran Duran
We’ve Got Tonight - Kenny Rogers & Sheena Easton
I’ve Been Thinking About You - Londonbeat
You’re in Love - Wilson Phillips
Hold You Tight - Tara Kemp
Down Home - Alabama
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they’d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.